On a visit to Darwin, where some of the U.S. Marines bound for Australia will be based, President Barack Obama speaks to U.S. and Australian troops about a shared purpose of the preservation of peace and security (17 Nov. 2011).
It is no coincidence that American troops will be stationed in Australia to preserve peace and security. Hot on the heels of the Honolulu summit, the U.S. President’s visit seems to indicate that the United States regards the rise of China with suspicion and some trepidation. Being a U.S. dependency of sorts, Australia will be keen to host American boots on the ground that will arguably function as a reminder to China that, at the moment, the American Century has not come to an end yet.
The Middle Kingdom is equally wary, it seems. Chinese government spokesman Liu Weimin stated: “It may not be appropriate to strengthen and extend this [U.S.-Australian] military alliance. Whether it suits the common interests of countries around the region and the whole international community remains under question”. In many ways, the New Cold War that I have hinted at on a number of occasions in the recent past, now seems to have taken off in earnest, and Australia and the Pacific Rim appear to be its first battleground.
 Tony Eastley, “China displeased Australia will host American troops” ABC (17 November 2011). http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2011/s3368476.htm.