— The Erimtan Angle —

On a cold December morning in 1919, just aftermidnight, Emma Goldman, her comrade Alexander Berkman, and more than 200 other foreign-born radicals were roused from theirEllis Islanddormitory beds to begin their journey out of theUnited Statesfor good.

Convicted of obstructing the draft during World War I, Goldman’s expatriation came 34 years after she had first set foot inAmerica, a young, brilliant, Russian immigrant. For more than three decades, she taunted mainstreamAmericawith her outspoken attacks on government, big business and war.

Goldman’s passionate espousal of radical causes made her the target of persecution. Her sympathy for Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of President McKinley, brought down upon her the hatred of the authorities and the public at large. Feared as a sponsor of anarchy and revolution, she was vilified in the press as “Red Emma,” “Queen of the Anarchists,” and “the most dangerous woman in America.”[1]


[1] “More about the film Emma Goldman” PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldman/filmmore/index.html.

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