‘Three years after the fall of the dictator Moammar Gadhafi, Libya is a country ravaged by violence and chaos. Armed militias, Islamists and others are battling for control. Can anything stop Libya falling apart? And how effective – or how damaging – are military interventions of the kind that took place there (1 August 2014)’.
‘The most recent fighting for control of an airport near the capital Tripoli left dozens of people dead. A rocket attack caused a major fire at a fuel depot. The Libyan government forces are unable to do much to counter the militias; indeed in some cases they work together. The fighting started after the rebellion against Gadhafi in 2011. Back then, the UN-authorised military intervention by the West, with the aim of enforcing compliance with a no-fly zone intended to protect the Libyan population from air attacks by the regime. Bombing was carried out by air and sea by American, French, British and Canadian forces. The rebels also participated in heavy fighting – many of whom are now spreading violence across the country. The interim national government that was put in place after the fall of Gadhafi quickly lost power. Since then self-appointed revolutionary guards, militias made up of former loyal Gadhafi supporters, as well as groups of armed Islamists have been fighting for control of Libya. At the parliamentary elections in June, the Islamists and Muslim Brothers were defeated. Now they are trying to put pressure on the government ahead of the formation of a new parliament in August. To that end they are forming tactical alliances with each other. Can anything stop Libya falling apart? And how effective – or how damaging – are military interventions of the kind that took place there?’.
 “Liberating Libya: The Failed Intervention” Quadriga (01 August 2014). http://www.dw.de/quadriga-liberating-libya-the-failed-intervention-2014-07-31/e-17774441-9798.