— The Erimtan Angle —

Hizb ut-Tahrir, the international organization that has been striving for a revival of the Caliphate in a non-violent manner, organized a rally in Istanbul on Friday, 19 June 2015 (corresponding to 2nd Ramadan 1436AH). Following the Friday prayers at the Fatih Mosque, founded by Sultan Mehmed II and restored by Mustafa III, the organization’s Turkish branch tried to whip up a frenzy. The 1996-founded website The Khilafah notes that the “rally of the ‘Great Ummah’ was held in support of the oppressed Muslims across the world and the call to establish the Khilafah upon the methodology of Muhammad. The Khilafah is the only correct project for revival for the Islamic Ummah”.[1] 

In the journal Terrorism and Political Violence, the political scientist Emmanuel Karagiannis and the psychologist Clark Mccauley summarize as follows: “Hizb ut-Tahrir is a transnational movement that currently finds support among young Muslims in Central Asia and Western Europe. It presents a complex challenge to both Western and Muslim governments because it calls for the unification of all Muslim countries into a single Caliphate but has consistently rejected violence as a tool of political change”.[2  Founded in 1953 by Taqiuddin al-Nabhani in Jerusalem, Hizb ut-Tahrir is currently led by Palestinian civil engineer named Ata Khalil Abu-Rashta, who has been heading the caliphal cause since 2003. The aim of Hizb ut-Tahrir is the foundation of an Islamic State, but as stated earlier the organization does not condone violence and is thus in no way connected to Abu Bakr al-Baghdada (aka the Caliph Ibrahim) or his Islamic State, previously known as ISIS. Hizb ut-Tahrir, on the other hand, devised a Draft Constitution, consisting of 186 articles:

Article 1

The Islamic ‘Aqeedah constitutes the foundation of the State. Nothing is permitted to exist in the government’s structure, accountability, or any other aspect connected with the government, that does not take the ‘Aqeedah as its source. The ‘Aqeedah is also the source for the State’s constitution and shar’i canons. Nothing connected to the constitution or canons is permitted to exist unless it emanates from the Islamic ‘Aqeedah.

Article 2

The domain of Islam (Daar ul-Islam) is that entity which applies the rules of Islam in life’s affairs and whose security do Muslims maintain. The domain of disbelief (Daar ul-Kufr) is that entity which applies the rules of kufr and whose security is maintained by the kuffaar

Article 3

The Khaleefah is empowered to adopt divine rules (aHkaam shar’iyyah) enacted as constitution and canons. Once the Khaleefah has adopted a divine rule, that rule alone becomes the divine rule that must be enacted and then implemented. Every citizen must openly and secretly obey that adopted rule.

Article 4

The Khaleefah does not adopt divine rules pertaining to worship, i.e. ibadaat, except in connection with alms (zakaah) and war (jihaad). Also, he does not adopt any of the thoughts connected with the Islamic ‘Aqeedah.

Article 5

All citizens of the Islamic State are entitled to enjoy the divine rights and duties.

Article 6

All citizens of the State shall be treated equally regardless of religion, race, colour or any other matter. The State is forbidden to discriminate among its citizens in all matters, be it ruling or judicial, or caring of affairs”.[3] 

The Media Office of  Hizb ut-Tahrir explains that the “Khilafah is the global leadership for all the Muslims in the world. Its role is to establish the laws of the Islamic Shari’ah and to carry the call of Islam to the world. It is a model completely distinguished from any other ruling style such as democracy, theocracy or monarchy. The Shari’ah that is applied in founding the ruling, in caring for the citizen’s affairs, and in the external affairs is from Allah. It is a system of unity not a system of union. The system of government in Islam, which is the system of Khilafah, is a unitary system of one state and not a federal system. Muslims all over the world are not allowed to have more than one Islamic State . . . The Khilafah does not exist today in any shape or form throughout the entire world. It was destroyed following World War I at the hands of Mustafa Kemal [Atatürk] of Turkey. Commenting on its destruction, Lord Curzon, the British foreign secretary, told the House of Commons on 24th July 1924 ‘Turkey (the seat of the Khilafah) is dead and will never rise again because we have destroyed its moral strength, the Khilafah and Islam'”.[4]

The academics Karagiannis and Mccauley elaborate that “Hizb ut-Tahrir views itself not as a religious organization, but rather as a political party whose ideology is based on Islam. Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international Islamic movement, which calls for the unification of all Muslim countries into a single state, the Caliphate. It has sought to advance its cause by widespread dissemination of published materials including books and pamphlets. Although Hizb ut-Tahrir advocates a strict interpretation of Islam, it does not oppose modern technology and makes extensive use of the Internet to spread its message”.[5]  They go on describing the organization’s make-up in some detail: “Hizb ut-Tahrir operates through a network of underground cells resembling those that the Bolshevik revolutionaries employed as the groundwork for their seizure of power in Russia in October 1917. At the lowest level, members and new recruits are organized in study-circles (halqa) of five people. The head of each study-circle (mushrif) supervises its members who study the group’s ideology. At the district level, there is a local committee, whose leader is termed Naqib, which is responsible for the administration of group affairs in the relevant urban center and its surrounding villages. Hizb ut-Tahrir rejects the concept of the modern nation-state and has divided the world into provinces (Wilayah); a province can coincide with a nation-state or a particular region within a state. At the provincial level, there is a committee headed by a provincial representative (Mu’tamad) who oversees group activities. The Mu’tamad is appointed by the central committee (lajnat al-qiyada) of the international party, headed by the supreme leader (Amir) of the Hizb ut-Tahrir. Internal discipline and obedience to the central leadership are necessary for such a pyramid-like group to avoid infiltration by security agents and maintain ideological coherence. There is a range of disciplinary measures for members who break the rules, with expulsion being the most severe penalty”.[6]

[1] “Massive Rally in Istanbul by Hizb ut-Tahrir” The Khilafah (19 June 2015). http://www.khilafah.com/massive-rally-in-istanbul-by-hizb-ut-tahrir/.

[2] Emmanuel Karagiannis and Clark Mccauley, “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami: Evaluating the Threat Posed by a Radical Islamic Group That Remains Nonviolent” Terrorism and Political Violence, 18 (2006), pp. 315–334. http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Clark_Mccauley/publication/233181900_Hizb_ut-Tahrir_al-Islami_Evaluating_the_Threat_Posed_by_a_Radical_Islamic_Group_That_Remains_Nonviolent/links/551c10710cf2fe6cbf762e8b.pdf.

[2] “Draft Constitution by Hizb ut-Tahrir”. Media Office of Hizb ut-Tahrir . http://web.archive.org/web/20070927200116/http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.info/english/constitution.htm.

[4] “About Hizb ut-Tahrir” Media Office of Hizb ut-Tahrir. http://web.archive.org/web/20070927200032/http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.info/english/about.htm#3.

[5] Emmanuel Karagiannis and Clark Mccauley, “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami: Evaluating the Threat Posed by a Radical Islamic Group That Remains Nonviolent”.

[6] Emmanuel Karagiannis and Clark Mccauley, “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami: Evaluating the Threat Posed by a Radical Islamic Group That Remains Nonviolent”.


Comments on: "Hizb ut-Tahrir’s Rally in Istanbul: Another Caliphal Revival" (1)

  1. […] Source: Hizb ut-Tahrir’s Rally in Istanbul: Another Caliphal Revival […]

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