‘In this episode of Truth in Media, Ben Swann explores the origin of ISIS that has already been long forgotten by American media. Swann takes on the central issue of whether or not ISIS was created by “inaction” by the United States government or by “direct” action. Published on Feb 25, 2015’.
As I wrote last year: ‘ Syria’s not-so civil war, which started as an armed attempt to oust the Assad regime from Damascus has become a battle between Sunni extremist groups and the Alawite regime, closely allied to Iran, and representing the Shiite faction. At first, the extremist group Jabhat Al Nusra seemed predominant, but then it was superseded by ISIS/ISIL entering the fray from Iraq where this organization had previously been known as Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) and led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (killed by the Americans in 2006). The rebranding indicates the scope of its ambitions, and it should hence not come as a surprise that ISIS, currently led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has now returned to its original home-base. Originally, Zarqawi’s goal had been to establish a “Caliphate” in Iraq, and in its new guise, his successor Baghdadi employs his armed groups to establish an “Islamic state” (which on a semantic level is basically synonymous with the term caliphate) in the lands of Mesopotamia and the Levant’. Whereas, about a month later, I added that ‘[w]ith the advent of Ramadan this year , the ISIS, simultaneously active in Syria and Iraq, officially announced the arguably partial achievement of their goal even holding “a parade in Syria’s northern Raqqa province to celebrate their declaration of an Islamic ‘caliphate’ after the group captured territory in neighboring Iraq,” as reported by Reuters. The ISIS is said to have renamed itself into the Islamic State. Even though the report explains that [the ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-]Baghdadi has now been elevated to the position of “head of the state”, the use of the term ‘Caliph’ really implies much wider aspirations. The Arabic term ‘Khalifah’ (transcribed into English as Caliph) literally denotes ‘deputy’ or ‘successor’, and in the context of a ‘Khilafat’ or Caliphate (as transcribed into English) refers to the succession of the Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam and the first ruler of the ‘Ummah’ or Community of Believers. Hence, the “hardline Sunni Muslim group” formerly known as ISIS in the West has now performed a cunning public relations exercise that at the same time is a threat to the legitimacy of the rulers of any state containing a Muslim population as well as an open invitation to anyone claiming to be a Muslim, as any believer should feel compelled to serve the ‘Caliph’, who is the ‘Leader of the Believers’ as the “Shadow of God on Earth’. And, in a very post-modern twist, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi even assumed his own caliphal name as the “Caliph Ibrahim”‘.
 C. Erimtan, “Intra-Islamic Cold War and the disintegration of Iraq ” RT Op-Edge (19 June 2014). http://www.rt.com/op-edge/167036-intra-islamic-cold-war/.
 C. Erimtan, “Real ‘Battle of Iraq’ is only beginning” RT Op-Edge (03 July 2014). http://www.rt.com/op-edge/170204-real-iraq-battle-beginning/.